About 95 percent of transport mechanisms in the mining industry are covered by conveyor belts. These simple but important components can change the way you move materials, greatly reducing time and significantly increasing efficiency. But like all functional components, some factors also influence how well they work.
Cargo Support: This is one of the most important factors, as transportable zones have to move tons of materials smoothly. Because the zones are loaded under idleness, their ability to travel there is constrained by the absence of refugee hubs. When that happens, premature failure and the entire transportation system can pose a danger.
One way to minimize this is that heavier cargoes should pass through zones with a less flexible radius. This bridge bridge gap and reduces the risk of car failure. In addition, the belts must be designed with a higher flexible life to fit them at different angles, without the need for loose knots.
Impact assessment: The materials transported in mining are abrasive and heavy. As such, zones must be able to withstand both factors. To ensure that they do not suffer for a long time, it is the choice of the zone that has the highest operating stress than required. It enhances the cost of the equipment, but is more expensive than the impacts not intended for use.
Wide flexibility. The belts should be tough but flexible enough to be in contact at all times. If this is not the case then moving the zone and damaging the entire system is a big risk. There is also the possibility of jamming the belt, although this is not a very common occurrence.
Material type of belt: The conveyor belts are made of several materials, the most common of which are urethane, rubber and PVC. All three have their good points and few in some areas. Consultation between engineers and manufacturers will determine what type of use to use. Properties such as fire retardation, although most zones will be burned at high temperatures, should be taken into account, except for fire detection and pressure equipment used in mining.
Zone types for quick reference consist of permanent, portable, cable, variable and high angle. Permanent belts are used throughout the life of the mine on slopes and as main lines. Portable models are relatively easy to assemble and dismantle, and are usually used in surface mines. Cable belts are designed for long distance transport with the ability to negotiate long radius curves. Rope cables are usually used in place of experimental storms. With convertible zones, the whole mechanism can be moved transversely. Whereas high angular belts are suitable for up to 80 degree angle slopes.
According to a 2008 study, transport zones are more cost-effective and environmentally friendly than freight transport, which is still widely used in certain areas. The study says that the zones consume only one-fifth of the electricity consumed by the truck per tonne and km, which has a dramatic impact on the amount of CO2 produced. With the advent of non-replaceable drives that are best suited for high energy demands, the metabolism of belts using belts has become more reliable and efficient, as well as lower maintenance compared to conventional drive systems.